How can we assess deer impacts on species, communities, and ecosystems? This poster will explore a range of different monitoring methods, and will discuss the challenges addressing indirect effects and interactions. I will consider deer impacts beyond direct damage to plants that are browsed—such as the ways in which deer browsing may decrease flower availability, leading to declines in pollinators—and outline how existing methods address “trophic cascades” and other ecological processes. Examples from research in southeast Michigan over the past 20 years will be used to illustrate different approaches.
Methods for Monitoring Deer Impacts on Natural Areas