Headwater streams are the smallest parts of river and stream networks, but make up the majority of river miles in the United States. They are the upstream parts of a watershed where flow begins to run year-round. Many headwater streams have been lost or altered due to human activities such as urbanization and agriculture which can impact species and water quality downstream. However, these small creeks also provide great opportunities for restoration and protection. Guidance on stream assessment, restoration, and monitoring will be discussed along with some local case studies.
Restoring Headwater Streams